While you can start a home business on budget, it's not likely you'll build a profitable one without incurring some expense. Calculate your startup costs — the amount of money you need to open up shop. It's okay if you don't know specific costs, but you want to get as close as possible, perhaps even over-estimate expenses. Here are common start-up expenses:

Even the portrait and general-interest options, though, aren’t really for beginners. Photography businesses can be complex operations, with lots of equipment required and years of portfolio and relationship building necessary to really get steady income flowing. Still, if you’re a hobbyist already, starting a photography business as a side operation is a great way to make some extra money and possibly begin a career change.
As a freelance publicist, you can be based at home and work online with press releases, emails, social media—essentially, assisting with all facets of your clients’ public-facing presence. Plus, this home business idea doesn’t require a specialized background or substantial startup costs. You can easily get your feet wet in public relations and roll with your business from there.
A customer persona is a fictionalized representation of a specific type of customer based on demographics and interests. Typically, a business will have several customer personas if they are selling to multiple customer types. You need to figure out which customer personas fit your business, because it’s important to know the demographics you should target in your market research.
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